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BREASTS

This chapter will review anatomical systems surrounding the breasts. Common considerations for designers and engineers when innovating products for the breasts will also be reviewed, along with an example student project.

SECTION 1 - ANATOMICAL SYSTEMS

Overview of the skeletal, muscular & nervous systems related to the breasts. 

Anterior

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Breasts in Proximity to Skeletal System

Modified from LaBat & Ryan, Figure C.1

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Anterior

Superficial Muscular System Underlying Breasts

Modified from LaBat & Ryan, Figure 4.23

Anterior

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Nervous System Related to the Breasts

LaBat & Sokolowski, Figure 001

SECTION 2 - DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

When designing products that are worn around the breasts, it is important to consider how the anatomical systems move.

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Temporal - 3D Breast Motion While Jogging in Minimally Supportive Bra

LaBat & Ryan, Figure 4.35

Sternoclavicular Joint Protraction/Retraction Motion with Muscles & Transverse Sections

LaBat & Ryan, Figure 4.36

SECTION 3 - KNOWLEDGE IN PRACTICE

With this information in mind, let's take a look at a product designed for the breasts.

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Design Problem:

Systems Involved:

The goal of rhythem is to provide trans and non-binary (TNB) athletes with gender affirming garments that alleviate feelings of dysphoria and increase their ability to breathe and move.

Skeletal, muscular, and integumentary systems

Useful Resources:

  • Study of the specific needs of trans masculine dancers.

  • Understanding the use of binders for trans and non-binary athletes.

  • Interview and consult with trans and non-binary athletes.

Follow the link below to learn more about this project.

Overview

Go to Chapter

Trunk

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Head/Face

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Hip/Knee

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Shoulder

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Hand/Wrist

Go to Chapter

Breasts

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Foot/Ankle

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