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TRUNK

This chapter will review anatomical systems related to the trunk region of the body. Common considerations for designers and engineers when innovating products for the trunk will also be reviewed, along with an example student project.

SECTION 1 - ANATOMICAL SYSTEMS

Overview of the skeletal, muscular & nervous systems related to the trunk. 

Anterior

Posterior

Skeleton,-trunk-(anterior-and-posterior).-Modified-from-LaBat-&-Ryan,-Figure-4.6..jpg

Trunk Skeletal System (anterior & posterior)

Modified from LaBat & Ryan, Figure 4.6.

Muscles,-trunk-(anterior-and-posterior).jpg

Anterior

Posterior

Trunk Muscular System (anterior & posterior)

Modified from LaBat & Ryan, Figure 4.23

Central-and-peripheral-nervous-system-(anterior).jpg

Anterior

Trunk Central & Peripheral Nervous System (anterior)

LaBat & Ryan, Figure 2.9

SECTION 2 - DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

When designing products that are worn around the trunk, it is important to consider how the anatomical systems move.

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Abdominal Regions & Approximate Waistline Placement

LaBat & Ryan, Figure 6.6

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Pelvic Tilt & Waistline Placement

LaBat & Ryan, Figure 6.12

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Body Types: Male & Female Ideals; Female Apple, Pear & Rectangle

LaBat & Ryan, Figure 6.10

SECTION 3 - KNOWLEDGE IN PRACTICE

With this information in mind, let's take a look at a product designed for the trunk.

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Design Problem:

Systems Involved:

When it was once considered career ending to have a child, more pro athletes are proving that they can have both a successful career & a family. These high performing mothers need high performing training apparel. With no athletic companies fulfilling ​those needs there is an opportunity here. This product provides female athletes with adjustable training garments that will ​accommodate the body’s growth, offer targeted support, thermoregulation & style through all three trimesters & beyond.

Reproductive, skeletal, muscular, integumentary systems 

Useful Resources:

  • Wear test with existing maternity products​

  • Anthropometric study of the changing body form through pregnancy​

  • Research papers on the physiological changes of the female body during pregnancy

Follow the link below to learn more about this project.

Overview

Go to Chapter

Trunk

Go to Chapter

Head/Face

Go to Chapter

Hip/Knee

Go to Chapter

Shoulder

Go to Chapter

Hand/Wrist

Go to Chapter

Breasts

Go to Chapter

Foot/Ankle

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