This chapter will review anatomical systems related to the trunk region of the body. Common considerations for designers and engineers when innovating products for the trunk will also be reviewed, along with an example student project.
SECTION 1 - ANATOMICAL SYSTEMS
Overview of the skeletal, muscular & nervous systems related to the trunk.
Trunk Skeletal System (anterior & posterior)
Modified from LaBat & Ryan, Figure 4.6.
Trunk Muscular System (anterior & posterior)
Modified from LaBat & Ryan, Figure 4.23
Trunk Central & Peripheral Nervous System (anterior)
LaBat & Ryan, Figure 2.9
SECTION 2 - DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
When designing products that are worn around the trunk, it is important to consider how the anatomical systems move.
Abdominal Regions & Approximate Waistline Placement
LaBat & Ryan, Figure 6.6
Pelvic Tilt & Waistline Placement
LaBat & Ryan, Figure 6.12
Body Types: Male & Female Ideals; Female Apple, Pear & Rectangle
LaBat & Ryan, Figure 6.10
SECTION 3 - KNOWLEDGE IN PRACTICE
With this information in mind, let's take a look at a product designed for the trunk.
When it was once considered career ending to have a child, more pro athletes are proving that they can have both a successful career & a family. These high performing mothers need high performing training apparel. With no athletic companies fulfilling those needs there is an opportunity here. This product provides female athletes with adjustable training garments that will accommodate the body’s growth, offer targeted support, thermoregulation & style through all three trimesters & beyond.
Reproductive, skeletal, muscular, integumentary systems
Wear test with existing maternity products
Anthropometric study of the changing body form through pregnancy
Research papers on the physiological changes of the female body during pregnancy
Follow the link below to learn more about this project.