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HIP/KNEE

This chapter will review anatomical systems of the hip and knee. Common considerations for designers and engineers when innovating products for the hip and knee will also be reviewed, along with an example student project.

SECTION 1 - ANATOMICAL SYSTEMS

Overview of the skeletal, muscular & nervous systems related to the hip/knee. 

Anterior

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Hip/Knee Skeletal System (anterior)

Modified from LaBat & Ryan, Figure 5.10

Anterior

Posterior

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Hip/Knee Muscular System (anterior & posterior)

Modified from LaBat & Ryan, Figure 5.15

Anterior

Posterior

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Hip/Knee Nervous System

LaBat & Ryan, Figure 5.20

SECTION 2 - DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

When designing products that are worn around the hip/knee, it is important to consider how the anatomical systems move.

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Hip/Knee Flexion/Extension & Abduction/Adduction

Modified from LaBat and Ryan, Figure 5.17

SECTION 3 - DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

With this information in mind, let's take a look at a product designed for the hip/knee.

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Design Problem:

Systems Involved:

The Just Go running kit was designed specifically for Justin Gallegos, a professional runner living with​

cerebral palsy. To offset the strain caused by his adaptive stride, the running tights support his knees, ​

calves and hips.

Skeletal and muscular systems

Useful Resources:

  • Working with a physical therapist who specializes with athletes that have Cerebral Palsy​

  • Interviewing the athlete​

  • Textbooks or journal articles about running biomechanics​

Follow the link below to learn more about this project.

Overview

Go to Chapter

Trunk

Go to Chapter

Head/Face

Go to Chapter

Hip/Knee

Go to Chapter

Shoulder

Go to Chapter

Hand/Wrist

Go to Chapter

Breasts

Go to Chapter

Foot/Ankle

Go to Chapter